Selection of Laws Recently Passed

The following laws have recently been passed by the National Assembly:

  • The Law on the Prohibition of Torture was introduced on February 17, 2017, Presidential Decree No. 246, and was published in the Official Gazette on April 19, 2017. Its purpose is to strengthen the legal prohibition of torture, to promote criminal prosecutions, to ensure the oversight of its institutions, and to enable redress for victims.
  • The Patent Law was introduced on January 24, 2017, Legislative Decree No. 205, and was published in the Official Gazette on May 10, 2017. Its objectives are to protect the material and intellectual rights of inventors and discoverers, to support and encourage research in the fields of invention and discovery, and to register local Afghan and foreign citizens’ invention or discovery rights.
  • The Financial Accountants Law came into force on February 2, 2017, Legislative Decree No. 243 and was published in the Official Gazette on May 10, 2017. The objectives of the law are to regulate the affairs related to issuance of accounting licenses to accountants, to provide transparent grounds for standard accounting, and to standardize the credibility of financial accounting. It is as yet unclear how this law fits in with the regulations for the licensing of tax advisors under the Law on Taxation Affairs Administration (“LTAA”).
  • A new Penal Code was introduced on April 4, 2017, Legislative Decree No. 256, and was published in the Official Gazette on May 15, 2017. It will come into force 9 months after the publication date. The objectives of the new Penal Code are to create punishments proportionate to crimes, and to speed up the criminal justice process.